At various intervals throughout the year, the flamboyant religious annual festivals known as Tsechus take place around the country. Tsechus are festivals extolling the great deeds of the famous Buddhist Saint – Guru Padmasambhava, popularly known as Guru Rimpoche in mountain Kingdom of Bhutan. All of Guru Rimpoche’s great deeds are believed to have taken place on the 10th day of the month, which is also the meaning of the word Tsechu. All Tsechus do in fact take place or begin on 10th day. All the District Dzongs (official forts) and a large number of villages in the east, and all over Bhutan, hold annual Tsechus, which attracts people from far and wide.
Tsechus are celebrated for several days and are the occasions for mask dances that are clearly defined in religious content. They can be performed by monks, laymen or gomchens (lay-monks) and the repertory is more or less the same everywhere.
Certain Tsechus end with the veneration of a huge applique Thangkha, called a Thongdroel. The Thongdroel is unveiled at dawn to bring enlightenment to all who view it. The festival goers believe that by simply viewing this Thongdroel, they can be delivered from the cycle of birth and rebirth, which is the ultimate aim of Buddhist faith.
Some Tsechus also have a wang, a collective verbal blessing given by a high venerated Lama. The colored threads are distributed, and people tie them around their necks as witness to the blessing. Sometimes the wang is called mewang meaning – blessing by fire which burns away their impurities.
Atsharas are clowns whose expressive masks and postures are an indispensable element in any religious festival. They confront the monks, toss out salacious jokes, and distract the crowd with their antics whenever the religious dances begin to grow tedious. Believed to represent Acharas, religious masters of India, they are the only people permitted to mock religion in a society where sacred matters are treated with the highest respect. For a few days, these popular entertainers are allowed the freedom to express a formulaic challenge within an established framework that does not, however, upset the social and religious order.
Some religious festivals include only a few dances and consist mostly of readings from a particular text. On these occasions, villagers assemble in a temple and participate in the prayers while at the same time drinking strong alcoholic beverages. Each village takes pride in its annual religious festival, and any villagers who have gone to live in the city are usually expected to come back home for it. Such villagers will themselves sponsor a large part of the cost of mounting the festival.
For the Bhutanese, attendance at religious festivals offers an opportunity to become immersed in the meaning of their religion and to gain much merit. The festivals are also occasions for seeing people, and for being seen, for social exchanges, and for flaunting success. People bring out their finest clothes, their most beautiful jewelry, and enjoy picnics with abundant alcohol and meat. Men and women joke and flirt with one another. An atmosphere of convivial, slightly ribald good humor prevails.
Village Festivals: Many small village festivals are held in the winter months. The weather is very settled across Bhutan at this time of the year. The clear blue skies and crisp air offer splendid opportunities for the committed photographer, especially for those using slide medium. Please contact Bhutan Travelogue-Tours and Treks for dates/places of forthcoming winter festivals. A winter journey to seldom visited eastern Bhutan, with participation in such a festival, would be an unforgettable experience.